- Where did redlining originate?
- Who is responsible for enforcing the Fair Housing Act?
- What is blockbusting in real estate?
- How were the suburbs created?
- Was there redlining Canada?
- What does racial steering mean?
- What is reverse redlining in mortgage?
- What is redlining reverse redlining?
- What is the effect of redlining and reverse redlining?
- Who created ghettos?
- Why was the FHA created?
- What is included in retrospective relief?
Where did redlining originate?
The origin of the term stems from the policies developed by the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) created in 1933 by the Franklin Roosevelt Administration to reduce home foreclosures during the Depression and then institutionalized by the 1937 U.S.
Housing Act which established the Federal Housing Association (FHA)..
Who is responsible for enforcing the Fair Housing Act?
Government enforcement of the Fair Housing Act The FHA granted two government agencies responsibility for enforcing the Act (Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Justice).
What is blockbusting in real estate?
Blockbusting refers to the practice of introducing African American homeowners into previously all white neighborhoods in order to spark rapid white flight and housing price decline. Real estate speculators have historically used this technique to profit from prejudice-driven market instability.
How were the suburbs created?
The growth of the suburbs was facilitated by the development of zoning laws, redlining and numerous innovations in transport. After World War II, availability of FHA loans stimulated a housing boom in American suburbs. … These suburban residences are built on larger lots of land than in the central city.
Was there redlining Canada?
Historical evidence indicates that across Canada the first areas to be redlined were the less-desirable suburbs. Land registry and property assessment data establish the emergent patterns in Hamilton, Ontario. Between 1931 and 1951, institutional lending became a social norm first on new dwellings in suburbs.
What does racial steering mean?
The act of racial steering can be defined as “the practice in which real estate brokers guide prospective home buyers towards or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race.” This heinous behavior deals with suggesting or pushing clients towards a specific neighborhood or failing to provide vital information …
What is reverse redlining in mortgage?
Reverse redlining is the practice of extending credit on unfair terms to those same communities.”
What is redlining reverse redlining?
Redlining is the practice of denying credit to particular neighborhoods on a discriminatory basis. The flip side is reverse redlining, the practice of targeting these same communities or protected classes for predatory lending.
What is the effect of redlining and reverse redlining?
Instead of empowering them to contribute to homeownership and community progress, predatory lending practices through reverse redlining stripped the equity homeowners sought and drained the wealth of those communities for the enrichment of financial firms.
Who created ghettos?
The linkage between Jews and “ghetto” began in the early 16th century. In 1516, as a compromise offering to those agitating for the city to be Christian-only, Venice confined its Jewish population to a little island in the northern part of the city known as the New Ghetto.
Why was the FHA created?
Federal Housing Administration (FHA), agency within the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that was established by the National Housing Act on June 27, 1934 to facilitate home financing, improve housing standards, and increase employment in the home-construction industry in the wake of the Great …
What is included in retrospective relief?
Retrospective injunctive relief may include relief for victims of past discrimination, actual and punitive damages, and offers or adjustments of credit or other forms of loan commitments.