- Who built the first castles?
- Who lived in a Norman castle?
- Why did William build castles in England?
- How did they keep warm in the olden days?
- Why do castles have so many rooms?
- Why were castles built in medieval times?
- What kind of castles did the Normans build?
- What do Norman castles look like?
- What are 5 features of Norman castles?
- Why are castles so cold?
- What was bad about stone castles?
- How did castles defend themselves?
- What was the purpose of Norman castles?
- How did they keep warm in castles?
- Why did they stop building castles?
Who built the first castles?
The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1,000 years ago and lasted for nearly 500 years.
The Normans introduced the first proper castles, starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066..
Who lived in a Norman castle?
During the late Middle Ages, from the 10th to the 16th centuries, kings and lords lived in castles. As well as the lord, the lady (his wife), and their family there were lots of staff. Some were important officials, such as the constable who took care of the castle when the lord was away.
Why did William build castles in England?
Motte & bailey castles were designed in England to ensure William could establish control. Helped him keep control as they were built in strategic locations to maximise control (near rivers, near major towns or near the Welsh border. As they were filled with soldiers, it allowed him to intimidate the locals.
How did they keep warm in the olden days?
During medieval times, men, especially outlaws, would keep warm in the winter by wearing a linen shirt with underclothes, mittens made of wool or leather and woolen coats with a hood over a tight cap called a coif. Even if the men lived outside and it rained, they would wear their wet woolen clothing to stay cozy.
Why do castles have so many rooms?
Castles were a mixture of rich person’s house, military installation, political centre, and warehouse. A castle had to be able to store large quantities of war materials, as well as food and water. … In fact, castles had many more rooms than it appears from ruins – because only the stone rooms remain.
Why were castles built in medieval times?
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of …
What kind of castles did the Normans build?
The Normans built motte and bailey castles to begin with. These castle were quick to build using just earth and timber. Later, once William the Conqueror, the leader of the Normans, had firmly established his rule in England, the Normans built huge stone keep castles.
What do Norman castles look like?
William the Conqueror built his first castle at Hastings soon after the Normans arrived in 1066. They looked for sites that provided natural obstacles to an enemy, such as a steep hill or a large expanse of water. The castle, built in the motte-and-bailey style, was made of wood. …
What are 5 features of Norman castles?
Can’t findeverythingat your castle?So you’re ina Norman castle.The ‘Motte’ – the. mound where the castle was built. This hadsteep sides to make it tricky for the enemy to run up. … Curved, arched. doorways – arches were in fashion back then. Small, narrow. … Large, stone. building blocks. and thick walls. … It’s dark.More items…
Why are castles so cold?
The Keep of Goodrich Castle, built in the 1100s, only had tiny windows – which meant that little light could enter the castle. This meant that most structures could only support tiny windows – which resulted in dark rooms that were constantly cold, as the thick stone could never be fully warmed by the sun.
What was bad about stone castles?
Stone castles were built on a square or rectangular plan. Attackers had to simply find a way of tunnelling underneath one of the corners to bring down a whole section of the castle. Siege weapons like the trebuchet could fire heavy rocks, if these missiles hit a flat surface there would be major damage to the castle.
How did castles defend themselves?
The top of the castle walls were the battlements, a protective, tooth shaped parapet often with a wall walk behind it for the soldiers to stand on. The defenders could fire missiles through gaps (crenels). The raised sections between, called merlons, helped to shelter the defenders during an enemy attack.
What was the purpose of Norman castles?
Norman castles were designed for a different purpose, they were not defensive structures like the burhs , they were designed to intimidate the conquered Anglo-Saxons and remind them of Norman power. Norman castles were often built in locations that were considered of strategic value.
How did they keep warm in castles?
Thick stone walls, tiny unglazed windows and inefficient open fires made the classic castle something of a challenge to keep warm. … By heating the stones as well as the chamber, and directing the smoke away from the room, these fireplaces made life in a medieval castle a considerably more comfortable affair.
Why did they stop building castles?
Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. … The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.